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Peer-to-Peer Learning – What is it?

Peer-to-Peer learning is how students learn from and with one another. Student-led workshops, study groups, peer-to-peer learning partnerships, and group work are common teaching and learning activities that facilitate this.

The development of student collaboration and communication skills increased student confidence, and the ability to take control of their learning are all advantages. In addition, because students feel more at ease working with their peers, they are more likely to interact, reflect, and explore ideas more deeply than they would in a teacher-led environment.

Examples & Types of Peer-to-Peer Learning

Proctor Model

The proctor model peer to peer learning has the senior students training juniors.

Higher-grade student

The older student benefits from peer tutoring because they consolidate their knowledge ('the best way to learn is to teach). Mentorship and leadership skills may also be developed.

More skilled students help less-skilled classmates

One student is more advanced than the other. Knowledgeable students help others catch up. Proficient students may benefit from refining and explaining their knowledge.

Peer-to-Peer Learning Proctor Model
Peer-to-Peer Learning Seminars

Seminars

Colleges frequently hold discussion seminars. They follow a lecture or study (such as a weekly reading). Peers discuss the newly learned topic in the discussion seminar. Unstructured discussion seminars allow students to contribute when they have something to say.

A teacher may use a stimulus question or object. Then, students use the prompt to discuss the topic’s nuances, contradictions, and features. Teachers must create a safe, comfortable space for discussion seminars to be successful.

Peer-to-Peer Learning Support Groups

Private study groups are peer support groups. Peers organize these without a teacher’s presence. Free time, after school, and weekends are typical times for peer study groups.

Peer-to-peer study groups can motivate students before exams or due dates. Cooperative students avoid distraction, boredom, and frustration. When studying with peers, a student can get support and explanations.

Peer-to-Peer Learning Support Groups
Peer-to-Peer Learning Schemes for Peer-to-Peer Evaluation

Schemes for Peer-to-Peer Evaluation

In peer-to-peer learning assessment schemes, students check each other’s work and provide feedback. The following are some of the advantages of peer assessment programs:

  • The ability to observe how other students approached the task.
  • gaining insight into other students’ cognitive processes and study strategies
  • Learning how to communicate diplomatically
  • A requirement to consider how to approach a topic or task critically.

On the other hand, peer assessment schemes are rarely used for summative or formal assessments that require strict quality control checks.

Collaborative Projects

Science labs require teamwork. Students work together to solve a teacher-posed problem. Collaborative projects are popular in 21st-century problem-based and problem-posing education. Long-term student collaboration has benefits like:

Creating and sticking to deadlines

Capabilities for skill sharing

Negotiation
abilities

Interdependence: relationship

Peer-to-Peer Learning Mentoring in the Workplace

Mentoring in the Workplace

People in a workplace are paired up to support one another through workplace mentoring.

Mentor Trainee Relationship

A more experienced member of the workplace team mentors a new team member. This method closely resembles the situated learning approach, in which an apprentice is gradually integrated into the workplace by watching their peers work.

Peer to Peer Learning Support

Peers will observe one another at work regularly to provide and receive tips and assistance on how to complete tasks more effectively or efficiently.

Reciprocal Instruction

Reciprocal teaching entails students learning how to scaffold the learning of their peers. Students should work on the four skills.
Using these four skills, students can develop metacognitive skills to support one another in learning scenarios.

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Questioning

To test each other's knowledge, ask each other questions.

E-Commerce

Predicting

Ask each other to make predictions based on their limited knowledge.

E-Commerce

Summarizing

Ask each other to summarize something more concisely.

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Clarifying

When you're unsure about something, ask for assistance.

Peer-to-Peer Learning Expert Jigsaw Technique

Expert Jigsaw Technique

Students are divided into two groups using the expert jigsaw method:

Session 1:

In the first session, each group focuses on a different aspect of the topic.

Session 2:

Students form new groups afterwards. Each new group needs a member from each previous group. This ensures that each group has a topic expert. These new groups work knowing they have a wealth of knowledge.

Benefits and Challenges of Peer-to-Peer Learning Platform

Benefits

Benefits

  • Students can see each other's points of view to help them learn more.
  • Teaching others allows us to gain a deeper understanding of a subject.
  • Students may be more motivated to learn if they interact socially.
  • Studying together can become 'fun,' encouraging students to stay focused on the topic longer.
Challenges

Challenges

  • Students may find working in groups distracting, especially if some group members are not as focused as others.
  • Some students prefer to work in silence or in isolation, where they can think and concentrate.
  • Peer-to-peer interactions may be complicated for students with sensory or behavioral issues.
  • Before group work can be successful, students must be explicitly taught group work and self-regulation skills.
  • Students may not value the critical feedback they receive from their peers.

Bottom Line

Interacting with peers, teaching them, and learning from them is beneficial. No matter how hard you try, a learner/student can sometimes explain an idea to another learner/student far better than a trainer/teacher could.

This is because they can only communicate with each other at the same level! Therefore, Peer-to-peer learning and interactions are critical for learning in the classroom and the workplace.

Paradiso Peer-to-Peer learning platform is an all in one eLearning solution that streamlines, automates, and tracks training/learning activities as per the individual requirements.

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