Peer-to-Peer learning is how students learn from and with one another. Student-led workshops, study groups, peer-to-peer learning partnerships, and group work are common teaching and learning activities that facilitate this.
The development of student collaboration and communication skills increased student confidence, and the ability to take control of their learning are all advantages. In addition, because students feel more at ease working with their peers, they are more likely to interact, reflect, and explore ideas more deeply than they would in a teacher-led environment.
The proctor model peer to peer learning has the senior students training juniors.
The older student benefits from peer tutoring because they consolidate their knowledge ('the best way to learn is to teach). Mentorship and leadership skills may also be developed.
One student is more advanced than the other. Knowledgeable students help others catch up. Proficient students may benefit from refining and explaining their knowledge.
Colleges frequently hold discussion seminars. They follow a lecture or study (such as a weekly reading). Peers discuss the newly learned topic in the discussion seminar. Unstructured discussion seminars allow students to contribute when they have something to say.
A teacher may use a stimulus question or object. Then, students use the prompt to discuss the topic’s nuances, contradictions, and features. Teachers must create a safe, comfortable space for discussion seminars to be successful.
Private study groups are peer support groups. Peers organize these without a teacher’s presence. Free time, after school, and weekends are typical times for peer study groups.
Peer-to-peer study groups can motivate students before exams or due dates. Cooperative students avoid distraction, boredom, and frustration. When studying with peers, a student can get support and explanations.
In peer-to-peer learning assessment schemes, students check each other’s work and provide feedback. The following are some of the advantages of peer assessment programs:
On the other hand, peer assessment schemes are rarely used for summative or formal assessments that require strict quality control checks.
Science labs require teamwork. Students work together to solve a teacher-posed problem. Collaborative projects are popular in 21st-century problem-based and problem-posing education. Long-term student collaboration has benefits like:
Creating and sticking to deadlines
People in a workplace are paired up to support one another through workplace mentoring.
A more experienced member of the workplace team mentors a new team member. This method closely resembles the situated learning approach, in which an apprentice is gradually integrated into the workplace by watching their peers work.
Peers will observe one another at work regularly to provide and receive tips and assistance on how to complete tasks more effectively or efficiently.
Reciprocal teaching entails students learning how to scaffold the learning of their peers. Students should work on the four skills.
Using these four skills, students can develop metacognitive skills to support one another in learning scenarios.
To test each other's knowledge, ask each other questions.
Ask each other to make predictions based on their limited knowledge.
Ask each other to summarize something more concisely.
When you're unsure about something, ask for assistance.
Students are divided into two groups using the expert jigsaw method:
In the first session, each group focuses on a different aspect of the topic.
Students form new groups afterwards. Each new group needs a member from each previous group. This ensures that each group has a topic expert. These new groups work knowing they have a wealth of knowledge.
Interacting with peers, teaching them, and learning from them is beneficial. No matter how hard you try, a learner/student can sometimes explain an idea to another learner/student far better than a trainer/teacher could.
This is because they can only communicate with each other at the same level! Therefore, Peer-to-peer learning and interactions are critical for learning in the classroom and the workplace.